2017年度夏期講習リスニング講座 復習用ページ(第5日目)

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Lecture 5



 There are many kinds of collections and reasons why people build them. People enjoy spending time and money gathering, organizing, and displaying almost anything. A serious collector can even have a career as a respected expert.
Some people love certain musicians, movies, or TV programs so much that they must have any items associated with them. Collectors meet other fans, trade information online, and compete to see who has the biggest and best collection.
Other people may start a collection by accident. For example, suppose a friend gives you a toy whale souvenir and you keep it on your desk. Then, your mother notices it and gives you an umbrella with a whale design. Your collection continues to grow by itself as others give you similar gifts. It may take over your home if you aren’t careful!
Collecting may also have a deeper meaning. Some researchers believe it begins with childhood psychological needs. They say we all experienced uncertainty as children or wanted things we could not have, so collecting may give us a greater sense of control over our lives. Whatever the motivation may be, collecting is a satisfying and enjoyable hobby for many people.

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 These days many drivers rely on GPS, which is a satellite navigation system. GPS is helpful because it is safer to listen to a computer-generated voice giving directions than it is to look at a map while driving. Also, in extreme situations such as when hikers get lost in the wilderness, GPS units can even save lives. However, using GPS without thinking may lead to accidents. Sometimes, when people turn on a GPS, they turn off their common sense and stop paying attention to actual road conditions.
Researchers wonder if over-reliance on GPS directions may affect the way some users’ brains function. The part of the brain where people store maps of their surroundings may change. This area of the brain remembers how to get from one place to another. Some scientists are afraid that this part might shrink and people may lose their natural navigational sense if they depend on GPS too much. This part of the brain also plays a role in storing memories. If it shrinks because people use it less often, they may experience memory loss when they get older.
Despite these questions, GPS has many benefits. It can save time and money while adding convenience to your life.

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 Helen Keller, admired for her work on behalf of people with disabilities, visited Japan three times. She was unable to see or hear, but she was impressed with the kindness of the Japanese people and developed an appreciation of Japan and its culture.
She first came to Japan in 1937, when she was invited by the Japanese government to make a lecture tour throughout the country. While she was here, she was moved by the story about the faithful Akita dog, Hachiko, and wondered if she could have such a dog. Ichiro Ogasawara, a police officer in Akita City, kindly gave her one of his own puppies. She named this dog Kami.
She took Kami home with her, which made Kami the first Akita dog to go to the United States. In a letter to a friend, she called Kami an “angel in fur” and said that he was especially gentle and devoted. She loved this dog so much that she asked for another Akita dog, which was sent to her in 1939. This dog was Kami’s brother, and she called him Go-Go. Helen Keller’s dogs received a lot of attention in the United States, which helped to introduce Akita dogs as popular pets for Americans.

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