【４】2015年度 本試験 英語【筆記】 第４問 Ａ
Ａ 次の文章はある説明文の一部である。この文章とグラフを読み，下の問い(問１～４)の[ 35 ]～[ 38 ]に入れるのに最も適当なものを，それぞれ下の①～④のうちから一つずつ選べ。
Social Networking Services (SNS), online services that allow users to communicate with others, are used by a growing number of young people to keep in touch with friends and family. However, this rise in the use of SNS by young people has been accompanied by increasing anxiety among parents and teachers. They are concerned about whether young users are prepared for the risks that come with using SNS, including privacy issues and unwelcome contact.
A 2011 survey asked Australian parents, students, and teachers about their perceptions of the degree of risk when using SNS ― specifically, whether they felt it to be “safe,” “a little risky,” “very risky,” or “risky but what everyone does.” Figure 1 shows that over a quarter of students chose “safe,” in other words, that they felt SNS use was without risk. In addition, 19.6% of students reported that, though they knew the dangers, they still used SNS because that is “what everyone does.” In contrast with the students’ responses, their parents and teachers were more cautious about the risk associated with SNS use, with teachers slightly more likely to see high risk.
Interestingly, not all students had the same perception of risk. Figure 2 shows a comparison between students by year ― “Year 7” refers to first-year junior high school students and “Year 10” refers to first-year high school students. While the percentage of students who responded that SNS usage is “safe” was almost the same regardless of year, there was a drop by year in the percentage of students who chose “a little risky,” and a rise in those who chose “risky but what everyone does.”
Furthermore, the study asked students about information security. It found that students from years 7 to 10 were increasingly cautious about privacy, becoming more careful by year about who could see their personal information online. Because Year 7 students, in addition to being the least cautious about information security, also tended to see SNS use as either “safe” or only “a little risky,” they were believed to be at the greatest risk.
The study then examined whether adults were discussing SNS risks with young people. However, the results here were not clear. While the study found that over 91% of parents and 68% of teachers said they discuss SNS issues with students, almost half of the students (46.1%) responded they do not talk with their parents, and almost three-quarters of the students (74.6%) responded that they do not talk with teachers. There are several possible explanations for this gap.
(Melissa de Zwart他(2011) Teenagers, Legal Risks & Social Networking Sitesを参考に作成)
問１ In Figure 1, which of the following do (A), (B), and (C) refer to? [ 35 ]
① (A) Parents (B) Students (C) Teachers
② (A) Parents (B) Teachers (C) Students
③ (A) Students (B) Parents (C) Teachers
④ (A) Students (B) Teachers (C) Parents
問２ Which of the following is mentioned as one of the reasons that Year 7 students are thought to have the highest risk? [ 36 ]
① They are the least careful about security when using SNS.
② They are the least likely to think SNS is “safe.”
③ They are the most likely to think SNS is “very risky.”
④ They are the most likely to use SNS to contact friends.
問３ The main purpose of this passage is to [ 37 ].
① describe the various dangers of using SNS
② discuss differences in awareness of SNS risk
③ explain why students are using SNS more
④ suggest solutions for the problems with SNS
問４ What topic might follow the last paragraph? [ 38 ]
① Examples of the different risks students face in using SNS
② Reasons for the different responses from students and adults
③ Trends in how students and adults use the Internet
④ Ways to reduce the number of younger students using SNS